Friday, May 2, 2014

Important points about the main method - 2/2

Continuing our discussion from the previous post on the main method.

6. Multiple classes can contain the main method in a source file

 public class HelloWorld {  
     public static void main(String[] args) {  
         System.out.println("No. of arguments passed: " + args.length);  
         if(args.length != 0){  
             System.out.println("Arguments passed: ");  
             for(int i=0; i<args.length; i++){  
                 System.out.println(i + ": " + args[i]);  
 class SomeClass1{  
     public static void main(String[] args){  
         System.out.println("main() in SomeClass");  
 class SomeClass2{  
     public static void main(String[] args){  
         System.out.println("main() in SomeClass2");  


 C:\Dropbox\practice\blog>java HelloWorld  
 No. of arguments passed: 0  
 C:\Dropbox\practice\blog>java HelloWorld 0 1 2  
 No. of arguments passed: 3  
 Arguments passed:  
 0: 0  
 1: 1  
 2: 2  
 C:\Dropbox\practice\blog>java SomeClass1  
 main() in SomeClass  
 C:\Dropbox\practice\blog>java SomeClass2  
 main() in SomeClass2  

7. The class with the main method may or may not be public.

8. There can be only one public class in a source file.

9. The source file must be named EXACTLY as the public class. If there is no public class present, then the source file may be named anything.

The source file containing the above code above MUST be named (as the HelloWorld class is public). If the public modifier is removed then the file may be named anything (eg, etc.). You cannot apply public modifier to SomeClass1 (or SomeClass2) while HelloWorld is public.

10. There can be any number of classes/interfaces in a single source file. 

This completes discussion on the main() method.

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